Summary of the 1996 Farm Bill: The Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform (FAIR) Act of 1996

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2015-08-28
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Meyers, William
Smith, Darnell
Elmore, Steven
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Center for Agricultural and Rural Development

The Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) conducts innovative public policy and economic research on agricultural, environmental, and food issues. CARD uniquely combines academic excellence with engagement and anticipatory thinking to inform and benefit society.

CARD researchers develop and apply economic theory, quantitative methods, and interdisciplinary approaches to create relevant knowledge. Communication efforts target state and federal policymakers; the research community; agricultural, food, and environmental groups; individual decision-makers; and international audiences.

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The Farm Bill passed by the House and Senate in late March and signed by President Clinton 0n April 4, 1996, contains many of the same provisions as the Agricultural Reconciliation Act of 1995 (ARA-95, evaluated in our last issue). The 1996 bill, the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform (FAIR) Act, also has some significant differences. Most notably, "permanent law" provisions for price support authotity and the Farmer Owned Reserve were only suspended, and were not eliminated. Soybean loan .rate provisions were changed, implying an approximate 34 cents/ bushel increase in the loan rate over the near term. Also, important conservation and environmental provisions that were not in ARA-95, were included in the FAIR Act:

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