Maize in Ghana: An Overview of Cultivation to Processing

dc.contributor.author Darfour, Bernard
dc.contributor.author Rosentrater, Kurt
dc.contributor.department Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
dc.date 2018-02-17T19:03:30.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T22:34:42Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T22:34:42Z
dc.date.copyright Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2016
dc.date.embargo 2016-07-22
dc.date.issued 2016-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Maize (Zea mays L.) cultivation in Ghana has been ongoing for centuries. Maize production in Ghana, is predominantly done under rain-fed conditions by poorly resourced smallholder farmers. The agro-ecological zones for maize cultivation in Ghana can be mainly grouped into four; Coastal savannah zone, forest zone, transition zone and Guinea savannah zone. Maize accounts for 50% of the total cereal production in Ghana, with reported postharvest losses between 5% and 70%. Improving food security through a reduction of post-harvest losses is imperative for meeting current development objectives. Stored maize is attacked by 20 different species of insect pests including the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (Mots.). There are traditional techniques still in use for maize storage (drying in field, on platform, on ground, and use of mud silos) and modern techniques (using metal silos, solar dryers, chemical, hermetic technique and Purdue Improved Drying Stove). There are various methods used in the maize shelling and storage. Purchasing of modern equipment for shelling and conditioning is highly unaffordable by these subsistence farmers. The lack of commercial or industrial processing of maize, and improper storage facilities is causing immense food losses and insecurity in Ghana. Due to this farmers are compelled to sell their bumper harvest at low prices, and those in barns and warehouses get rotten. The purpose of this paper was to review literature on the cultivation, post-harvest handling, and processing of maize grains in Ghana.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This paper is from 2016 ASABE Annual International Meeting, Paper No. 162460492, pages 1-16 (doi: 10.13031/aim.20162460492). St. Joseph, Mich.: ASABE. Posted with permission.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_conf/480/
dc.identifier.articleid 1480
dc.identifier.contextkey 8870635
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath abe_eng_conf/480
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/516
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_conf/480/2016_Darfour_MaizeGhanaOverview.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 00:27:35 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.13031/aim.20162460492
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering
dc.subject.disciplines Food Processing
dc.subject.keywords Ghana
dc.subject.keywords Maize
dc.subject.keywords Production
dc.subject.keywords Processing
dc.subject.keywords Storage
dc.title Maize in Ghana: An Overview of Cultivation to Processing
dc.type article
dc.type.genre conference
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication ae6468d9-2286-48ad-9293-5cfa893ea5f3
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 8eb24241-0d92-4baf-ae75-08f716d30801
File
Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
No Thumbnail Available
Name:
2016_Darfour_MaizeGhanaOverview.pdf
Size:
458.27 KB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format
Description: