Hydrogen Sulfide and Nonmethane Hydrocarbon Emissions from Broiler Houses in the Southeastern United States

dc.contributor.author Li, Hong
dc.contributor.author Burns, Robert
dc.contributor.author Gates, Richard
dc.contributor.author Gates, Richard
dc.contributor.author Trabue, Steven
dc.contributor.author Overhults, Douglas
dc.contributor.author Moody, Lara
dc.contributor.author Earnest, John
dc.contributor.department Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
dc.date 2018-02-13T04:20:48.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T22:32:08Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T22:32:08Z
dc.date.copyright Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2008
dc.date.embargo 2012-12-14
dc.date.issued 2008-06-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and nonmethane hydrocarbon (NMHC) emissions from two mechanically ventilated commercial broiler houses located in the southeastern United States were continuously monitored over 12 flocks for a one-year period during 2006-2007 as a joint effort between Iowa State University and the University of Kentucky. H2S and NMHC concentrations were measured using UV-Fluorescence H2S analyzers and methane/nonmethane/total hydrocarbon dual flame ionization detector gas chromatographs. Ventilation rates in each house were measured continuously by monitoring building static pressure and operational status of all ventilation fans in conjunction with individual performance curves developed and verified in situ using a Fan Assessment Numeration System (FANS) unit. United States EPA methods TO-15 and TO-17 were used for the nonmethane hydrocarbon compound speciation. The top-25 compounds are presented. The overall mean H2S and NMHC emission rates for a one-year period were 65.7 ± 42 g/d-house and 0.76 ± 0.43 kg C3H8/d-house, respectively. Annual H2S emission for the two broiler houses (including downtime emissions) averaged 19.2 kg per year per house or 0.147 g per bird marketed when the birds were marketed at 52 days of age with a stocking density of 11.8 bird per m2 (1.1 bird per ft2). Annual NMHC emission averaged 231 kg per year per house (510 lb per year per house) or 1.77 g per bird marketed.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This is an ASABE Meeting Presentation, Paper No. <a href="http://elibrary.asabe.org/abstract.asp?aid=25177&t=3&dabs=Y&redir=&redirType=" target="_blank">084417</a>.</p>
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_conf/177/
dc.identifier.articleid 1173
dc.identifier.contextkey 3538163
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath abe_eng_conf/177
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/180
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_conf/177/Xin_2008_HydrogenSulfideNonmethane.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 21:27:35 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering
dc.subject.keywords Hydrogen sulfide
dc.subject.keywords nonmethane hydrocarbon
dc.subject.keywords emission
dc.subject.keywords broiler
dc.subject.keywords air quality
dc.title Hydrogen Sulfide and Nonmethane Hydrocarbon Emissions from Broiler Houses in the Southeastern United States
dc.type article
dc.type.genre conference
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication a61fa792-56f2-4397-8a9c-8cbde8d5c3f1
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 8eb24241-0d92-4baf-ae75-08f716d30801
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