Dual-frequency dual-inductor multiple-outputs (DF-DIMO) buck converter topologies with fully-integrated output filters
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In multi-core DSPs, there is a need for multiple independent power supplies to power the digital cores. Each power supply needs to have fast dynamic response and must support a wide range of output voltage with up to hundreds of mA load current. In this dissertation, the key performance metrics in power converter design are introduced, the advantages and dis-advantages of the conventional power converter topology are analyzed and a new Dual-Frequency Dual-Inductor Multiple-Output (DF-DIMO) buck converter topology is presented to improve the limitations of the conventional topologies. The proposed topology employs a dual-phase 20-MHz current-mode-controlled input stage to reduce the inductance required per phase to only 200 nH, and a 4-output 100-MHz comparator-controlled fully-integrated output stage to reduce the capacitance required per output to 10 nF. To enable each output to handle up to 250-mA load with less than 40-mV voltage ripple, a 3rd-order bond-wire-based notch filter is employed at each output for voltage ripple suppression. Additionally, the proposed design employs dynamic output re-ordering to enhance dynamic and cross-regulation performance, interleaved pulse-skipping to enhance light-load efficiency, and high-gain local output feedback to enhance DC load Regulation. Targeting multi-core DSPs, the proposed design is implemented in standard 65-nm CMOS technology with 1.8-V input, and outputs in the range of 0.6–1.2 V with a total load of 1 A. It achieves a peak efficiency of 74%, less than 40-mV output voltage ripple, 0.5-V/70-ns Dynamic Voltage Scaling (DVS), and settling time of less than 85 ns for 125-mA all with no cross regulations.