Fatores Climáticos no Planejamento e Ambiência na Produção Animal

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2021-08-12
Authors
de Fatima Maciel, Fabiane
Oliveira, Carlos Eduardo Alves
Resende Andrade, Rafaella
da Silva, Leonardo França
de Souza, Maria Angela
Costa do Nascimento, João Antônio
Campos de Sousa, Fernanda
de Fátima Ferreira Tinôco, Ilda
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Atena Editora
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Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering

Since 1905, the Department of Agricultural Engineering, now the Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering (ABE), has been a leader in providing engineering solutions to agricultural problems in the United States and the world. The department’s original mission was to mechanize agriculture. That mission has evolved to encompass a global view of the entire food production system–the wise management of natural resources in the production, processing, storage, handling, and use of food fiber and other biological products.

History
In 1905 Agricultural Engineering was recognized as a subdivision of the Department of Agronomy, and in 1907 it was recognized as a unique department. It was renamed the Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering in 1990. The department merged with the Department of Industrial Education and Technology in 2004.

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1905–present

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  • Department of Agricultural Engineering (1907–1990)

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College of Agriculture and Life Sciences

The College of Agriculture and Life Sciences is one of the world's leading institutions of agriculture. Building on 150 years of excellence the college provides leadership in science, education and research, areas vital to the future of Iowa, the nation and the world.

History
The roots of the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences go back to 1858 when Iowa established the State Agricultural College and Model Farm. It officially opened in 1869 as the first coed land-grant in the nation. That was among many college “firsts,” including the first courses in forestry, dairying and bacteriology in the nation. (Learn More)

Dates of Existence
1858–present

Historical Names

  • Department of Agriculture (1858–1959)
  • College of Agriculture (1959–2007)

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Abstract
Fatores climáticos são agentes causais que condicionam os elementos climáticos. Estes fatores climáticos são de ordem astronômica, meteorológicos e geográficas. Os estudos abordados pelos fatores astronômicos demostraram que o conforto térmico dos animais é afetado pelas variações sazonais e climáticas e que os indicadores desenvolvidos podem ser uma ferramenta útil para prevenir o estresse térmico. Os estudos abordados sobre os fatores meteorológicos apresentaram propostas de projetos futuros de habitação baseados em uma combinação das características benéficas no controle do clima, as emissões de gases de efeito estufa, entre outras novas técnicas construtivas. Por fim, os estudos abordados dos fatores geográficos prevê a inserção de árvores em sistemas pecuários como melhoria as condições microclimáticas e ambientais abrindo uma oportunidade para compor elementos de marketing ambiental para a atividade pastoril. Considera-se esta revisão de literatura uma forma de conhecer e avaliar os fatores climáticos e seus efeitos sobre os seres vivos. Climatic factors are causal agents that condition climatic elements. These climatic factors are astronomical, meteorological and geographical. Studies approached by astronomical factors have shown that the thermal comfort of animals is affected by seasonal and climatic variations and that the indicators developed can be a useful tool to prevent thermal stress. The studies addressed on meteorological factors presented proposals for future housing projects based on a combination of beneficial characteristics in climate control, greenhouse gas emissions, among other new construction techniques. Finally, the studies on geographic factors foresees the insertion of trees in livestock systems as an improvement in microclimate and environmental conditions, opening an opportunity to compose elements of environmental marketing for pastoral activity. This literature review is considered a way of knowing and evaluating climatic factors and their effects on living beings.
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This book chapter is published as de Fatima Maciel, Fabiane, Carlos Eduardo Alves Oliveira, Rafaella Resende Andrade, Leonardo França da Silva, Maria Angela de Souza, João Antônio Costa do Nascimento, Fernanda Campos de Sousa, Ilda de Fátima Ferreira Tinôco, and Richard Stephen Gates. "Fatores Climáticos no Planejamento e Ambiência na Produção Animal." In: A face transdisciplinar das ciências agrárias. Ponta Grossa (PR): Atena Editora, 2021, vol. 1, pages 177-184. DOI: 10.22533/at.ed.91721100818. Copyright Atena Editora. Copyright do texto 2021 Os autores. Copyright da edição 2021 Atena Editora. Todo o conteúdo deste livro está licenciado sob uma Licença de Atribuição Creative Commons. Atribuição-Não-ComercialNãoDerivativos 4.0 Internacional (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Posted with permission.
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