Megagametophyte abnormalities of near-isogenic female partial-sterile soybean mutants (Glycine max; Leguminosae)

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2003-04-01
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Ilarslan, Hilal
Palmer, Reid
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Horner, Harry
University Professor Emeritus
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Agronomy

The Department of Agronomy seeks to teach the study of the farm-field, its crops, and its science and management. It originally consisted of three sub-departments to do this: Soils, Farm-Crops, and Agricultural Engineering (which became its own department in 1907). Today, the department teaches crop sciences and breeding, soil sciences, meteorology, agroecology, and biotechnology.

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The Department of Agronomy was formed in 1902. From 1917 to 1935 it was known as the Department of Farm Crops and Soils.

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1902–present

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  • Department of Farm Crops and Soils (1917–1935)

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Botany
The Botany Graduate Program offers work for the degrees Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy with a graduate major in Botany, and minor work for students majoring in other departments or graduate programs. Within the Botany Graduate Major, one of the following areas of specialization may be designated: aquatic and wetland ecology, cytology, ecology, morphology, mycology, physiology and molecular biology, or systematics and evolution. Relevant graduate courses that may be counted toward completion of these degrees are offered by the Departments of EEOB and GDCB, and by other departments and programs. The specific requirements for each student’s course distribution and research activities are set by the Program of Study Committee established for each student individually, and must satisfy all requirements of the Graduate College (See Index). GRE (and if necessary, TOEFL) scores are required of all applicants; students are encouraged to contact faculty prior to application.
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Abstract

Megagametogenesis of soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr., cultivars Clark and Clark k2, and F1 hybrid of Clark (female parent) crossed with Clark k2 (male parent) were studied using stereo light microscopy and confocal scanning laser microscopy. Reproductive development in Clark and Clark k2 plants was compared to F1 hybrid plants. In mature pods, 6.4% of the ovules of Clark, 8.1% of the ovules of Clark k2, and 41.4% of the ovules of F1 hybrid plants were aborted. This female partial sterility was due to incomplete megagametophyte development: undeveloped polar nuclei—or developed but not in a position for fertilization; increased megagametophyte wall thickness; abnormal shape and/or premature degeneration of synergids and intact synergids throughout the life of the ovule; egg cell not well-developed or absent; and megagametophyte remaining uninucleate. Each of these abnormalities contributed to either lack of double fertilization or early megagametophyte abortion.

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This article is published as Ilarslan, Hilal, Harry T. Horner, and Reid G. Palmer. "Megagametophyte abnormalities of near-isogenic female partial-sterile soybean mutants (Glycine max; Leguminosae)." Journal of plant research 116, no. 2 (2003): 141-149. doi: 10.1007/s10265-003-0084-8.

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