Multilevel adaptive cross approximation for efficient modeling of 3D arbitrary shaped eddy current NDE problems

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Bao, Yang
Liu, Zhiwei
Bowler, John
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Song, Jiming
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Electrical and Computer Engineering

The Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECpE) contains two focuses. The focus on Electrical Engineering teaches students in the fields of control systems, electromagnetics and non-destructive evaluation, microelectronics, electric power & energy systems, and the like. The Computer Engineering focus teaches in the fields of software systems, embedded systems, networking, information security, computer architecture, etc.

The Department of Electrical Engineering was formed in 1909 from the division of the Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering. In 1985 its name changed to Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering. In 1995 it became the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

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  • Department of Electrical Engineering (1909-1985)
  • Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering (1985-1995)

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In this article, the multilevel adaptive cross approximation (MLACA) algorithm is presented to accelerate the boundary element method (BEM) for eddy current nondestructive evaluation (NDE) 3D problems involving arbitrary shapes. The Stratton-Chu formula, which does not have the low frequency breakdown issue, has been selected for modeling. The equivalent electric and magnetic surface currents are expanded with Rao-Wilton-Glisson (RWG) vector basis functions while the normal component of the magnetic field is expanded with pulse basis functions. The MLACA compresses the rank deficient matrices with the ACA and the butterfly algorithm. We improve the efficiency of MLACA by truncating the integral kernels after a certain distance and applying the multi-stage (level) algorithm adaptively based on the criteria for different operators to further decrease the memory and CPU time requirements while keeping almost the same accuracy comparing with the traditional MLACA. The proposed method is especially helpful to deal with the large solution domain issue of the BEM for eddy current problems. Numerical predictions are compared with the analytical, the semi-analytical predictions and the experimental results for 3D eddy current NDE problems of practical interest to demonstrate the robustness and efficiency of the proposed method.


This is a manuscript of an article published as Bao, Yang, Zhiwei Liu, John R. Bowler, and Jiming Song. "Multilevel adaptive cross approximation for efficient modeling of 3D arbitrary shaped eddy current NDE problems." NDT & E International 104 (2019). DOI: 10.1016/j.ndteint.2019.03.005. Posted with permission.

Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2019