Porcine endometrial heat shock proteins are differentially influenced by pregnancy status, heat stress, and altrenogest supplementation during the peri-implantation period

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Adur, Malavika K.
Seibert, Jacob T.
Romoser, Matthew R.
Bidne, Katie L.
Baumgard, Lance H.
Ross, Jason W.
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© The Author(s) 2022
Keating, Aileen
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Animal Science

The Department of Animal Science originally concerned itself with teaching the selection, breeding, feeding and care of livestock. Today it continues this study of the symbiotic relationship between animals and humans, with practical focuses on agribusiness, science, and animal management.

The Department of Animal Husbandry was established in 1898. The name of the department was changed to the Department of Animal Science in 1962. The Department of Poultry Science was merged into the department in 1971.

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Heat stress (HS) deleteriously affects multiple components of porcine reproduction and is causal to seasonal infertility. Environment-induced hyperthermia causes a HS response (HSR) typically characterized by increased abundance of intracellular heat shock proteins (HSP). Gilts exposed to HS during the peri-implantation period have compromised embryo survival, however if (or how) HS disrupts the porcine endometrium is not understood. Study objectives were to evaluate the endometrial HSP abundance in response to HS during this period and assess the effect of oral progestin (altrenogest; ALT) supplementation. Postpubertal gilts (n = 42) were artificially inseminated during behavioral estrus (n = 28) or were kept cyclic (n = 14), and randomly assigned to thermal neutral (TN; 21 ± 1 °C) or diurnal HS (35 ± 1 °C for 12 h/31.6 ± 1 °C for 12 h) conditions from day 3 to 12 postestrus (dpe). Seven of the inseminated gilts from each thermal treatment group received ALT (15 mg/d) during this period. Using quantitative PCR, transcript abundance of HSP family A (Hsp70) member 1A (HSPA1A, P = 0.001) and member 6 (HSPA6, P < 0.001), and HSP family B (small) member 8 (HSB8, P = 0.001) were increased while HSP family D (Hsp60) member 1 (HSPD1, P = 0.01) was decreased in the endometrium of pregnant gilts compared to the cyclic gilts. Protein abundance of HSPA1A decreased (P = 0.03) in pregnant gilt endometrium due to HS, while HSP family B (small) member 1 (HSPB1) increased (P = 0.01) due to HS. Oral ALT supplementation during HS reduced the transcript abundance of HSP90α family class B member 1 (HSP90AB1, P = 0.04); but HS increased HSP90AB1 (P = 0.001), HSPA1A (P = 0.02), and HSPA6 (P = 0.04) transcript abundance irrespective of ALT. ALT supplementation decreased HSP90α family class A member 1 (HSP90AA1, P = 0.001) protein abundance, irrespective of thermal environment, whereas ALT only decreased HSPA6 (P = 0.02) protein abundance in TN gilts. These results indicate a notable shift of HSP in the porcine endometrium during the peri-implantation period in response to pregnancy status and heat stress.
This article is published as Adur, Malavika K., Jacob T. Seibert, Matthew R. Romoser, Katie L. Bidne, Lance H. Baumgard, Aileen F. Keating, and Jason W. Ross. "Porcine endometrial heat shock proteins are differentially influenced by pregnancy status, heat stress, and altrenogest supplementation during the peri-implantation period." Journal of Animal Science 100, no. 7 (2022): skac129. doi:10.1093/jas/skac129. Posted with permission. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.