Large-scale surface strain gauge for health monitoring of civil structures

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2012-04-05
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Kollosche, Matthais
Kollipara, Venkata Dharmateja
Saleem, Husaam
Kofod, Guggi
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Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering

The Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering seeks to apply knowledge of the laws, forces, and materials of nature to the construction, planning, design, and maintenance of public and private facilities. The Civil Engineering option focuses on transportation systems, bridges, roads, water systems and dams, pollution control, etc. The Construction Engineering option focuses on construction project engineering, design, management, etc.

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The Department of Civil Engineering was founded in 1889. In 1987 it changed its name to the Department of Civil and Construction Engineering. In 2003 it changed its name to the Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering.

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1889-present

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  • Department of Civil Engineering (1889-1987)
  • Department of Civil and Construction Engineering (1987-2003)
  • Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering (2003–present)

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Electrical and Computer Engineering

The Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECpE) contains two focuses. The focus on Electrical Engineering teaches students in the fields of control systems, electromagnetics and non-destructive evaluation, microelectronics, electric power & energy systems, and the like. The Computer Engineering focus teaches in the fields of software systems, embedded systems, networking, information security, computer architecture, etc.

History
The Department of Electrical Engineering was formed in 1909 from the division of the Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering. In 1985 its name changed to Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering. In 1995 it became the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

Dates of Existence
1909-present

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  • Department of Electrical Engineering (1909-1985)
  • Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering (1985-1995)

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Health monitoring of civil structures is a process that aims at diagnosing and localizing structural damages. It is typically conducted by visual inspections, therefore relying vastly on the monitoring frequency and individual judgement of the inspectors. The automation of the monitoring process would be greatly beneficial by increasing life expectancy of civil structures via timely maintenance, thus improving their sustainability. In this paper, we present a sensing method for automatically localizing strain over large surfaces. The sensor consists of several soft capacitors arranged in a matrix form, which can be applied over large areas. Local strains are converted into changes in capacitance among a soft capacitors matrix, permitting damage localization. The proposed sensing method has the fundamental advantage of being inexpensive to apply over large-scale surfaces. which allows local monitoring over large regions, analogous to a biological skin. In addition, its installation is simple, necessitating only limited surface preparation and deployable utilizing off-the-shelf epoxy. Here, we demonstrate the performance of the sensor at measuring static and dynamic strain, and discuss preliminary results from an application on a bridge located in Ames, IA. Results show that the proposed sensor is a promising health monitoring method for diagnosing and localizing strain on a large-scale surface.

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This proceeding is published as Simon Laflamme, Matthais Kollosche, Venkata D. Kollipara, Hussam S. Saleem, Guggi Kofod, "Large-scale surface strain gauge for health monitoring of civil structures", Proc. SPIE 8347, Nondestructive Characterization for Composite Materials, Aerospace Engineering, Civil Infrastructure, and Homeland Security 2012, 83471P (5 April 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.913187. Posted with permission.

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Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2012