Mediolateral postural stability when carrying asymmetric loads during stair negotiation

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2020-01-19
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Wang, Junsig
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Gillette, Jason
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Kinesiology
The Department of Kinesiology seeks to provide an ample knowledge of physical activity and active living to students both within and outside of the program; by providing knowledge of the role of movement and physical activity throughout the lifespan, it seeks to improve the lives of all members of the community. Its options for students enrolled in the department include: Athletic Training; Community and Public Health; Exercise Sciences; Pre-Health Professions; and Physical Education Teacher Licensure. The Department of Physical Education was founded in 1974 from the merger of the Department of Physical Education for Men and the Department of Physical Education for Women. In 1981 its name changed to the Department of Physical Education and Leisure Studies. In 1993 its name changed to the Department of Health and Human Performance. In 2007 its name changed to the Department of Kinesiology. Dates of Existence: 1974-present. Historical Names: Department of Physical Education (1974-1981), Department of Physical Education and Leisure Studies (1981-1993), Department of Health and Human Performance (1993-2007). Related Units: College of Human Sciences (parent college), College of Education (parent college, 1974 - 2005), Department of Physical Education for Women (predecessor) Department of Physical Education for Men
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The purpose of this study was to assess postural stability in the medial-lateral (ML) direction when carrying unilateral and bilateral loads during stair negotiation. Twenty-four healthy young adults were instructed to ascend and descend a three step staircase under three load conditions: no load, 20% body mass (BM) bilateral load, and 20% BM unilateral load. A modified time-to-contact (TTC) method was proposed to evaluate postural stability during stair negotiation. Carrying unilateral loads required more rapid postural adjustments as evidenced by lower minimum ML TTC and ML TTC percentage as compared bilateral loads and no load during stair descent. In addition, lower ML TTC and TTC percentage were found for loaded limb stance for stair descent. Taken together, unilateral loads and the loaded leg during stair descent are of concern when considering postural stability during load carriage. These results illustrate differing postural control challenges for stair ascent and descent during load carriage.

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This accepted article is published as Wang, J., Gillette, J.C., Mediolateral postural stability when carrying asymmetric loads during stair negotiation., Applied Ergonomics, 85(May 2020); 103057. Doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2020.103057. Posted with permission.

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Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2020
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