Stability and superconductivity of TiPHn (n = 1−8) under high pressure

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2019-12-12
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Guo, Xue
Wang, Ru-Lin
Chen, Hai-Liang
Lu, Wen-Cai
Ho, Kai-Ming
Wang, Cai-Zhuang
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Ames National Laboratory

Ames National Laboratory is a government-owned, contractor-operated national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), operated by and located on the campus of Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa.

For more than 70 years, the Ames National Laboratory has successfully partnered with Iowa State University, and is unique among the 17 DOE laboratories in that it is physically located on the campus of a major research university. Many of the scientists and administrators at the Laboratory also hold faculty positions at the University and the Laboratory has access to both undergraduate and graduate student talent.

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Physics and Astronomy
Physics and astronomy are basic natural sciences which attempt to describe and provide an understanding of both our world and our universe. Physics serves as the underpinning of many different disciplines including the other natural sciences and technological areas.
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Abstract

Titanium exhibits high affinity to hydrogen and the Ti-H compounds are thermodynamically stable. We introduced the Ti elements in the P-H compounds to deal with the thermodynamic-instability issue of the P-H compounds. In this work, ternary hydrogen-rich compounds TiPHn (n = 1-8) were studied and calculated using the density function theory (DFT) method. The results showed that the TiPH4 and TiPH8 had high superconducting critical temperatures (Tc) as well as better stability. Among TiPHn (n = 1-8), the TiPH and TiPH4 were most stable at 50-200 and 250-300 GPa, respectively. For the R-3m-TiPH4 structure, the predicted Tc's are 52 and 62 K at 100 and 250 GPa, respectively, and its larger Young's modulus suggested that it might be potentially synthetized in experiment.

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