African Animal Trypanosomiasis

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2009-09-01
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Center for Food Security and Public Health
The mission of the CFSPH is to increase national and international preparedness for accidental or intentional introduction of diseases that threaten food production or public health.
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African animal trypanosomiasis (AAT) is a parasitic disease that causes serious economic losses in livestock from anemia, loss of condition and emaciation. Many untreated cases are fatal. AAT is found mainly in those regions of Africa where its biological vector, the tsetse fly, exists. One organism, Trypanosome vivax, has become established in South America, where it is transmitted by biting flies acting as mechanical vectors. Protecting animals from trypanosomiasis is difficult in endemic areas, as bites from tsetse flies and a variety of other insects must be prevented. A tsetse fly eradication program being conducted in Africa may help control this disease, as well as other forms of trypanosomiasis that affect humans.

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Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2009
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