Ex situ hydrodeoxygenation in biomass pyrolysis using molybdenum oxide and low pressure hydrogen

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2016-01-07
Authors
Nolte, Michael W.
Zhang, Jing
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The Royal Society of Chemistry
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Shanks, Brent
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Chemical and Biological Engineering

The function of the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering has been to prepare students for the study and application of chemistry in industry. This focus has included preparation for employment in various industries as well as the development, design, and operation of equipment and processes within industry.Through the CBE Department, Iowa State University is nationally recognized for its initiatives in bioinformatics, biomaterials, bioproducts, metabolic/tissue engineering, multiphase computational fluid dynamics, advanced polymeric materials and nanostructured materials.

History
The Department of Chemical Engineering was founded in 1913 under the Department of Physics and Illuminating Engineering. From 1915 to 1931 it was jointly administered by the Divisions of Industrial Science and Engineering, and from 1931 onward it has been under the Division/College of Engineering. In 1928 it merged with Mining Engineering, and from 1973–1979 it merged with Nuclear Engineering. It became Chemical and Biological Engineering in 2005.

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1913 - present

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  • Department of Chemical Engineering (1913–1928)
  • Department of Chemical and Mining Engineering (1928–1957)
  • Department of Chemical Engineering (1957–1973, 1979–2005)
    • Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering (2005–present)

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NSF Engineering Research Center for Biorenewable Chemicals
Founded in 2008 with more than $44M in federal, industry, and Iowa State University funding, CBiRC works in tandem with Iowa and the nation’s growing biosciences sector. CBiRC’s goal is to lead the transformation of the chemical industry toward a future where chemicals derived from biomass resources will lead to the production of new bioproducts to meet evolving societal needs.
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Abstract
Biomass pyrolysis vapors were hydrodeoxygenated using MoO3 and low pressure H2 (1.8 bar Ptotal) in a tandem microreactor. High yields of mostly linear alkanes (C1–C6) and aromatics were achieved from the pyrolysis of cellulose, lignin, and corn stover feedstocks.
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This is a manuscript of an article published as Nolte, Michael W., Jing Zhang, and Brent H. Shanks. "Ex situ hydrodeoxygenation in biomass pyrolysis using molybdenum oxide and low pressure hydrogen." Green Chemistry 18, no. 1 (2016): 134-138. DOI: 10.1039/C5GC01614B. Copyright 2016 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Posted with permission.
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