The QQS orphan gene of Arabidopsis modulates carbon and nitrogen allocation in soybean

dc.contributor.author Li, Ling
dc.contributor.author Li, Ling
dc.contributor.author Wurtele, Eve
dc.contributor.author Wurtele, Eve
dc.contributor.department Genetics, Development and Cell Biology
dc.date 2018-02-18T04:05:02.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T04:02:40Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T04:02:40Z
dc.date.copyright Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2014
dc.date.issued 2015-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>The genome of each species contains as high as 8% of genes that are uniquely present in that species. Little is known about the functional significance of these so-called species specific or orphan genes. The <em>Arabidopsis thaliana</em> gene Qua-Quine Starch (<em>QQS</em>) is species specific. Here, we show that altering <em>QQS</em> expression in Arabidopsis affects carbon partitioning to both starch and protein. We hypothesized <em>QQS</em> may be conserved in a feature other than primary sequence, and as such could function to impact composition in another species. To test the potential of <em>QQS</em> in affecting composition in an ectopic species, we introduced <em>QQS</em> into soybean. Soybean T1 lines expressing <em>QQS</em> have up to 80% decreased leaf starch and up to 60% increased leaf protein; T4 generation seeds from field-grown plants contain up to 13% less oil, while protein is increased by up to 18%. These data broaden the concept of <em>QQS</em> as a modulator of carbon and nitrogen allocation, and demonstrate that this species-specific gene can affect the seed composition of an agronomic species thought to have diverged from Arabidopsis 100 million years ago.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This article is from <em>Plant Biotechnology Journal </em>13 (2015): 177, doi: <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pbi.12238" target="_blank">10.1111/pbi.12238</a>. Posted with permission.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/gdcb_las_pubs/64/
dc.identifier.articleid 1063
dc.identifier.contextkey 9639599
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath gdcb_las_pubs/64
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/37975
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/gdcb_las_pubs/64/2015_Wurtele_OrphanGeneArabidopsis.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 01:21:58 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.1111/pbi.12238
dc.subject.disciplines Botany
dc.subject.disciplines Cell Biology
dc.subject.disciplines Developmental Biology
dc.subject.disciplines Genetics
dc.subject.disciplines Genomics
dc.subject.keywords QQS
dc.subject.keywords orphan
dc.subject.keywords carbon and nitrogen allocation
dc.subject.keywords protein
dc.subject.keywords starch
dc.subject.keywords Glycine max.
dc.title The QQS orphan gene of Arabidopsis modulates carbon and nitrogen allocation in soybean
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication b3821128-31f9-4dd2-841e-4873d8b8cab1
relation.isAuthorOfPublication a7de6326-d86c-4395-b9e6-51187c7f1782
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 9e603b30-6443-4b8e-aff5-57de4a7e4cb2
File
Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Name:
2015_Wurtele_OrphanGeneArabidopsis.pdf
Size:
921.16 KB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format
Description:
Collections