Crop recognition under weedy conditions based on 3D imaging for robotic weed control

dc.contributor.author Li, Ji
dc.contributor.author Tang, Lie
dc.contributor.author Tang, Lie
dc.contributor.department Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
dc.contributor.department Human Computer Interaction
dc.contributor.department Plant Sciences Institute
dc.date 2019-12-10T20:03:39.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T22:36:34Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T22:36:34Z
dc.date.copyright Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2017
dc.date.issued 2018-06-01
dc.description.abstract <p>A 3D time‐of‐flight camera was applied to develop a crop plant recognition system for broccoli and green bean plants under weedy conditions. The developed system overcame the previously unsolved problems caused by occluded canopy and illumination variation. An efficient noise filter was developed to remove the sparse noise points in 3D point cloud space. Both 2D and 3D features including the gradient of amplitude and depth image, surface curvature, amplitude percentile index, normal direction, and neighbor point count in 3D space were extracted and found effective for recognizing these two types of plants. Separate segmentation algorithms were developed for each of the broccoli and green bean plant in accordance with their 3D geometry and 2D amplitude characteristics. Under the experimental condition where the crops were heavily infested by various types of weed plants, detection rates over 88.3% and 91.2% were achieved for broccoli and green bean plant leaves, respectively. Additionally, the crop plants were segmented out with nearly complete shape. Moreover, the algorithms were computationally optimized, resulting in an image processing speed of over 30 frames per second.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This is the peer-reviewed version of the following article: Li, Ji, and Lie Tang. "Crop recognition under weedy conditions based on 3D imaging for robotic weed control." <em>Journal of Field Robotics</em> 35, no. 4 (2018): 596-611, which has been published in final form at DOI: <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rob.21763" target="_blank">10.1002/rob.21763</a>. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_pubs/1059/
dc.identifier.articleid 2347
dc.identifier.contextkey 15362243
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath abe_eng_pubs/1059
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/761
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_pubs/1059/2018_TangLie_CropRecognition.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 18:23:53 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.1002/rob.21763
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering
dc.subject.keywords 3D point cloud
dc.subject.keywords machine vision
dc.subject.keywords plant recognition
dc.subject.keywords robotic weed control
dc.title Crop recognition under weedy conditions based on 3D imaging for robotic weed control
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication e60e10a5-8712-462a-be4b-f486a3461aea
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 8eb24241-0d92-4baf-ae75-08f716d30801
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