Bacillus thuringiensis Resistance Influences European Corn Borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Larval Behavior After Exposure to Cry1Ab

dc.contributor.author Prasifka, Jarrad
dc.contributor.author Hellmich, Richard
dc.contributor.author Hellmich, Richard
dc.contributor.author Sumerford, Douglas
dc.contributor.author Siegfried, Blair
dc.contributor.department Entomology
dc.date 2018-02-14T11:10:33.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T02:21:48Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T02:21:48Z
dc.date.embargo 2014-08-28
dc.date.issued 2009-04-01
dc.description.abstract <p>The behavior of pests targeted by <em>Bacillus thuringiensis</em> (Bt) crops has been recognized as an important factor to define resistance management plans. However, most data do not include the possible impact resistance may have on the behavior of pests. To examine whether resistance influences behavior of European corn borer, <em>Ostrinia nubilalis</em> (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), neonates after exposure to dietary Bt, the responses of Cry1Ab-resistant, -susceptible, and hybrid (F1) lines from two populations were compared in laboratory tests by using artificial diet mixed with 10–50% Cry1Ab or non-Bt isoline corn, <em>Zea mays</em> L., tissue. In no-choice tests, resistant (and usually hybrid) lines were less likely to be irritated (i.e., to move away after physical contact with diet containing Cry1Ab) than susceptible larvae after exposure to diets containing 10–50% Cry1Ab leaf tissue. Early in the no-choice tests (8 h), neonate <em>O. nubilalis</em> also were more likely to move off of diets that contained 10% non-Bt tissue compared with diets with 25 or 50% non-Bt tissue. In agreement with results from no-choice tests, choice tests with 10 or 25% tissue indicated that resistant (and sometimes hybrid) larvae were more likely than susceptible neonates to be found on diet with Cry1Ab. For choice tests, differences among lines seemed dependent on the amount of Cry1Ab tissue incorporated into diets. Results suggest differences in behavior are a result of reduced physiological susceptibility to Cry1Ab and are not an independent behavioral component to resistance.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This article is from <em>Journal of Economic Entomology</em>; 102 (2009); 781-787; doi: <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/029.102.0240" target="_blank">10.1603/029.102.0240</a></p>
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dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/ent_pubs/127/
dc.identifier.articleid 1118
dc.identifier.contextkey 6047449
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath ent_pubs/127
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/23729
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/ent_pubs/127/2009_HellmichRL_BacillusThuringiensisResistance.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 19:27:47 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.1603/029.102.0240
dc.subject.disciplines Entomology
dc.subject.keywords behavioral resistance
dc.subject.keywords feeding
dc.subject.keywords dispersal
dc.subject.keywords insect resistance management
dc.subject.keywords transgenic
dc.title Bacillus thuringiensis Resistance Influences European Corn Borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Larval Behavior After Exposure to Cry1Ab
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 3cca44d8-e1df-437d-a95a-d8e38963d2c1
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication f47c8cad-50be-4fb0-8870-902ff536748c
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