Phase diagram of Ce Sb 2 from magnetostriction and magnetization measurements: Evidence for ferrimagnetic and antiferromagnetic states

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Trainer, Christopher
Abel, Caiden
Bud'ko, Sergey L.
Wahl, Peter
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Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)
Canfield, Paul
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Physics and Astronomy
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Ames National Laboratory

Ames National Laboratory is a government-owned, contractor-operated national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), operated by and located on the campus of Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa.

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Cerium diantimonide (CeSb2) is one of a family of rare-earth-based magnetic materials that exhibit metamagnetism, enabling control of the magnetic ground state through an applied magnetic field. At low temperatures, CeSb2 hosts a rich phase diagram with multiple magnetically ordered phases for many of which the order parameter is only poorly understood. In this paper, we report a study of its metamagnetic properties by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and magnetization measurements. We use STM measurements to characterize the sample magnetostriction with subpicometer resolution from magnetic field and temperature sweeps. This allows us to directly assess the bulk phase diagram as a function of field and temperature and relate spectroscopic features from tunneling spectroscopy to bulk phases. Our magnetostriction and magnetization measurements indicate that the low-temperature ground state at zero field is ferrimagnetic. Quasiparticle interference mapping shows evidence for a reconstruction of the electronic structure close to the Fermi energy upon entering the magnetically ordered phase.
This article is published as Trainer, Christopher, Caiden Abel, Sergey L. Bud'ko, Paul C. Canfield, and Peter Wahl. "Phase diagram of Ce Sb 2 from magnetostriction and magnetization measurements: Evidence for ferrimagnetic and antiferromagnetic states." Physical Review B 104, no. 20 (2021): 205134. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.104.205134. Copyright 2021 American Physical Society. DOE Contract Number(s): AC02-07CH11358; EP/R031924/1; EP/T031441/1. Posted with permission.