Purification, surfactant stabilization, molecular weight studies, and divalent metal ion kinetics of dextransucrase from Leuconostoc mesenteroides NRRL B-512F

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Miller, Arthur
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Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology

The Department of Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Molecular Biology was founded to give students an understanding of life principles through the understanding of chemical and physical principles. Among these principles are frontiers of biotechnology such as metabolic networking, the structure of hormones and proteins, genomics, and the like.

The Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics was founded in 1959, and was administered by the College of Sciences and Humanities (later, College of Liberal Arts & Sciences). In 1979 it became co-administered by the Department of Agriculture (later, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences). In 1998 its name changed to the Department of Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Molecular Biology.

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  • Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics (1959–1998)

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Dextransucrase from Leuconostoc mesenteroides NRRL B-512F, an enzyme that synthesizes an (alpha)-(1(--->)6)-linked glucan with (alpha)-(1(--->)3)-linked branches from the glucosyl moiety of sucrose, was stabilized against thermal inactivation and against inactivation caused by dilution and manipulation by the addition of nonionic detergents, mild ionic detergents, poly(ethylene glycol), or high-molecular-weight dextran;Dextransucrase was purified by a sequence of dextranase treatment, DEAE-cellulose chromatography, affinity chromatography on Sephadex G-200, and DEAE-Trisacryl M chromatography. The purified enzyme had a specific activity of 170 U/mg protein and no detectable carbohydrate;The enzyme consisted of two forms of differing molecular weight. A 177-kDa form was biosynthesized initially and converted during aging to a 158-kDa form by an unknown but probably proteolytic mechanism. By using radiation inactivation and SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, it was determined that dextran is not synthesized by the cooperative action of two or more peptides (subunits), but by single dextransucrase peptides of 177 and 158 kDa;The sucrose binding site of B-512F dextransucrase was an inhibitory divalent metal ion site also, with a higher affinity for Zn('2+), Ni('2+), and Co('2+) than for Ca('2+). A second metal ion site with a high affinity for Ca('2+) was found. Ca('2+) was an activator at this site, whereas Zn('2+), Ni('2+), and Co('2+) were inhibitors. Ca('2+) was a nonessential activator; i.e., it was not required for dextran synthesis;The periodic acid-Schiff stain, when used to detect glycansucrase activity on polyacrylamide gels, stained many proteins that were neither glycoproteins nor active glycansucrases. This artifactual staining, which increased during the storage of stained gels, could be prevented by proteolytically removing all protein from the gels before staining, or considerably slowed by the action of crosslinking agents on the stained gels.

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Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 1985