Impact of Temperature and Mixing on Methane Production Rates of Swine Manures obtained from Deep pit Storages

dc.contributor.author Da Silva Batista, Ana
dc.contributor.author Van Weelden, Mark
dc.contributor.author Andersen, Daniel
dc.contributor.author Andersen, Daniel
dc.contributor.department Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
dc.date 2018-02-13T13:47:37.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T22:33:28Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T22:33:28Z
dc.date.copyright Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2013
dc.date.embargo 2013-08-28
dc.date.issued 2013-07-01
dc.description.abstract <p>The appearance of copious amounts of foam on the surface of deep-pit swine manure storages throughout the Midwestern United States is a serious concern for the pork industry. Manure foam has the capacity to trap gases produced by the anaerobic decomposition of the manure, leading to dangerous flammable gas concentrations upon agitation or foam disturbance. One potential cause of foaming is increased methane production from the manure. To this end, personnel at the Agricultural Waste Management Lab at Iowa State University developed a test to evaluate the methane production rate of manure. The goal of this work is to describe this assay, provide a basic summary and validation of the results it provides, and to evaluate the impact that agitation (shaken versus non-shaken) and temperature (5, 15, 25, and 35°C) had on the measured methane production rate of swine manure obtained from three swine finishing facilities in North Central Iowa. The experiment was conducted using a full factorial design with three treatments: manure source (a random variable), agitation (a fixed effect), and temperature (a fixed effect). The results indicated that the test is yielding methane production rates similar to those reported in literature. The results of the factorial experiment indicated that temperature significantly impacted the methane production rate in these tests, but that agitation did not. To better understand the impact of temperature methane production rates were plotted as a function of temperature and fitted to the Arrhenius equation. The results indicated that methane production rates approximately doubled with every 10°C increase in temperature.</p>
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_conf/324/
dc.identifier.articleid 1339
dc.identifier.contextkey 4520749
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath abe_eng_conf/324
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/344
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_conf/324/2013_DaSilvaBatistaAP_ImpactTemperatureMixing.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 23:35:53 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering
dc.subject.keywords Swine manure
dc.subject.keywords methane production
dc.subject.keywords foaming
dc.subject.keywords temperature
dc.subject.keywords anaerobic digestion
dc.subject.keywords Arrhenius equation
dc.subject.keywords deep-pit manure storage
dc.title Impact of Temperature and Mixing on Methane Production Rates of Swine Manures obtained from Deep pit Storages
dc.type article
dc.type.genre conference
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 18329603-49c4-4007-985d-2402929993a8
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 8eb24241-0d92-4baf-ae75-08f716d30801
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