Wear evolution and stress distribution of single CBN superabrasive grain in high-speed grinding

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Wang, Jingwei
Yu, Tianyu
Ding, Wenfeng
Fu, Yucan
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Bastawros, Ashraf
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Aerospace Engineering

The Department of Aerospace Engineering seeks to instruct the design, analysis, testing, and operation of vehicles which operate in air, water, or space, including studies of aerodynamics, structure mechanics, propulsion, and the like.

The Department of Aerospace Engineering was organized as the Department of Aeronautical Engineering in 1942. Its name was changed to the Department of Aerospace Engineering in 1961. In 1990, the department absorbed the Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics and became the Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics. In 2003 the name was changed back to the Department of Aerospace Engineering.

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  • Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics (1990-2003)

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Mechanical Engineering
The Department of Mechanical Engineering at Iowa State University is where innovation thrives and the impossible is made possible. This is where your passion for problem-solving and hands-on learning can make a real difference in our world. Whether you’re helping improve the environment, creating safer automobiles, or advancing medical technologies, and athletic performance, the Department of Mechanical Engineering gives you the tools and talent to blaze your own trail to an amazing career.
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Materials Science and Engineering

The Department of Materials Science and Engineering teaches the composition, microstructure, and processing of materials as well as their properties, uses, and performance. These fields of research utilize technologies in metals, ceramics, polymers, composites, and electronic materials.

The Department of Materials Science and Engineering was formed in 1975 from the merger of the Department of Ceramics Engineering and the Department of Metallurgical Engineering.

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In this study, both finite element analysis (FEA) and experimental observations were used to investigate the single CBN grain wear in high-speed grinding of Inconel 718 superalloy. The wear characteristics for each grinding pass were numerically assessed utilizing the tensile and compressive strength limits of the cutting grain. Additionally, stress distribution within the grain, chip formation and grinding force evolution during multiple passes were investigated. The combined experimental and numerical results show that the CBN grain wear has two major modes: the macro fracture on the grain top surface propagating from the rake surface, and the micro fracture near the cutting edges. The resultant tensile stress is the main factor inducing grain wear. The cutting edges will be under self-sharpening due to the grain wear. With multiple micro cutting edges engaged in grinding process, the limited material removal region was divided into different sliding, ploughing and cutting dominant regions. Overall, the ratio of material elements removed by a cutting process ranges from 80% to 20%, and continue to decrease during the grinding process. With a stronger effect of the cutting process, larger fluctuation of the grinding force will commence, however its average value remains below that with stronger sliding and ploughing process characteristics.


This is the accepted manuscript of the article Wang, Jingwei, Tianyu Yu, Wenfeng Ding, Yucan Fu, and Ashraf F. Bastawros. "Wear evolution and stress distribution of single CBN superabrasive grain in high-speed grinding." Precision Engineering (2018). DOI: 10.1016/j.precisioneng.2018.05.003. Posted with permission.

Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2018