R14(Au, M)51 (R = Y, La−Nd, Sm−Tb, Ho, Er, Yb, Lu; M = Al, Ga, Ge, In,Sn, Sb, Bi): Stability Ranges and Site Preference in the Gd14Ag51 Structure Type

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Celania, Chris
Smetana, Volodymyr
Provino, Alessia
Manfrinetti, Pietro
Mudring, Anja-Verena
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Ames National Laboratory

Ames National Laboratory is a government-owned, contractor-operated national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), operated by and located on the campus of Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa.

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Materials Science and Engineering

The Department of Materials Science and Engineering teaches the composition, microstructure, and processing of materials as well as their properties, uses, and performance. These fields of research utilize technologies in metals, ceramics, polymers, composites, and electronic materials.

The Department of Materials Science and Engineering was formed in 1975 from the merger of the Department of Ceramics Engineering and the Department of Metallurgical Engineering.

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Twenty new ternary representatives of the Gd14Ag51 structure type have been synthesized within the R-Au-M family (R = Y, La–Nd, Sm–Tb, Ho, Er, Yb, Lu; M = Al, Ga, Ge, In, Sn, Sb, Bi) using solid state synthesis techniques. The list of post transition metals (M) involved in the formation of this type of structure could be augmented by five new representatives. All compounds crystallize in the hexagonal space group P6/m (#175) with the unit cell ranges of a = 12.3136(2)–12.918(1) Å and c = 8.9967(3)–9.385(1) Å, and incorporate different degrees of Au/M mixing. The involvement of the post transition element in the structure varies from one to another compound both qualitatively and quantitatively. A rather significant phase width can be expected for the majority of compounds, however, not without exclusions. The distribution of the post transition metals within the structure has been analyzed via single crystal X-ray diffraction. While the positional disorder of one near-origin Au position is expectable for all compounds due to steric reasons, two specimens show an obvious deviation from the others including another Au position split along the c axis. Possible factors affecting this behavior are discussed.