Variations and Extensions of Information Leakage Metrics with Applications to Privacy Problems with Imperfect Statistical Information

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Sakib, Shahnewaz Karim
Amariucai, George T.
Guan, Yong
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Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
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Electrical and Computer Engineering

The Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECpE) contains two focuses. The focus on Electrical Engineering teaches students in the fields of control systems, electromagnetics and non-destructive evaluation, microelectronics, electric power & energy systems, and the like. The Computer Engineering focus teaches in the fields of software systems, embedded systems, networking, information security, computer architecture, etc.

The Department of Electrical Engineering was formed in 1909 from the division of the Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering. In 1985 its name changed to Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering. In 1995 it became the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

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  • Department of Electrical Engineering (1909-1985)
  • Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering (1985-1995)

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Center for Statistics and Applications in Forensic Evidence
The Center for Statistics and Applications in Forensic Evidence (CSAFE) carries out research on the scientific foundations of forensic methods, develops novel statistical methods and transfers knowledge and technological innovations to the forensic science community. We collaborate with more than 80 researchers and across six universities to drive solutions to support our forensic community partners with accessible tools, open-source databases and educational opportunities.
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The conventional information leakage metrics assume that an adversary has complete knowledge of the distribution of the mechanism used to disclose information correlated with the sensitive attributes of a system. The only uncertainty arises from the specific realizations that are drawn from this distribution. This assumption does not hold in various practical scenarios where an adversary usually lacks complete information about the joint statistics of the private, utility, and the disclosed data. As a result, the typical information leakage metrics fail to measure the leakage appropriately. In this paper, we introduce multiple new versions of the traditional information-theoretic leakage metrics, that aptly represent information leakage for an adversary who lacks complete knowledge of the joint data statistics, and we provide insights into the potential uses of each. We experiment on a real-world dataset to further demonstrate how the introduced leakage metrics compare with the conventional notions of leakage. Finally, we show how privacy-utility optimization problems can be formulated in this context, such that their solutions result in the optimal information disclosure mechanisms, for various applications.
This is a manuscript of a proceeding published as S. K. Sakib, G. T. Amariucai and Y. Guan, "Variations and Extensions of Information Leakage Metrics with Applications to Privacy Problems with Imperfect Statistical Information," 2023 IEEE 36th Computer Security Foundations Symposium (CSF), Dubrovnik, Croatia, 2023, pp. 407-422, doi: 10.1109/CSF57540.2023.00007. Posted with permission of CSAFE.

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