Simple and efficient isolation of plant genomic DNA using magnetic ionic liquids

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Emaus, Miranda N.
Cagliero, Cecilia
Gostel, Morgan R.
Johnson, Gabriel
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Springer Nature
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ChemistryAmes National Laboratory
Background Plant DNA isolation and purification is a time-consuming and laborious process relative to epithelial and viral DNA sample preparation due to the cell wall. The lysis of plant cells to free intracellular DNA normally requires high temperatures, chemical surfactants, and mechanical separation of plant tissue prior to a DNA purification step. Traditional DNA purification methods also do not aid themselves towards fieldwork due to the numerous chemical and bulky equipment requirements. Results In this study, intact plant tissue was coated by hydrophobic magnetic ionic liquids (MILs) and ionic liquids (ILs) and allowed to incubate under static conditions or dispersed in a suspension buffer to facilitate cell disruption and DNA extraction. The DNA-enriched MIL or IL was successfully integrated into the qPCR buffer without inhibiting the reaction. The two aforementioned advantages of ILs and MILs allow plant DNA sample preparation to occur in one minute or less without the aid of elevated temperatures or chemical surfactants that typically inhibit enzymatic amplification methods. MIL or IL-coated plant tissue could be successfully integrated into a qPCR assay without the need for custom enzymes or manual DNA isolation/purification steps that are required for conventional methods. Conclusions The limited amount of equipment, chemicals, and time required to disrupt plant cells while simultaneously extracting DNA using MILs makes the described procedure ideal for fieldwork and lab work in low resource environments.
This article is published as Emaus, Miranda N., Cecilia Cagliero, Morgan R. Gostel, Gabriel Johnson, and Jared L. Anderson. "Simple and efficient isolation of plant genomic DNA using magnetic ionic liquids." Plant Methods 18, no. 1 (2022): 1-14. DOI: 10.1186/s13007-022-00860-8. Copyright 2022 The Author(s). Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). Posted with permission.