Reduction of Ammonia Emission from Stored Poultry Manure Using Additives: Zeolite, Al+clear, Ferix-3 and PLT Li, Hong Xin, Hongwei Burns, Robert Liang, Yi
dc.contributor.department Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering 2018-02-13T04:26:29.000 2020-06-29T22:32:21Z 2020-06-29T22:32:21Z Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2006 2012-12-14 2006-07-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Manure storage can be a significant source of ammonia emission that impacts the environment. Ammonia emission from manure storage can be controlled by using physical, chemical and/or biological methods. Five treatment agents, including zeolite, liquid Al+Clear (aluminum sulfate), granular Al+Clear (aluminum sulfate), and granular Ferix-3 (ferric sulfate), and PLT (sodium hydrogen sulfate) were topically applied to stored fresh layer manure. Each agent was tested at three application rates, i.e., low, medium and high. Manure was stored in 19-litter Teflon-lined vessels under a constant ambient temperature of 23 oC with a constant airflow of 3 liter per minute. The ammonia concentrations and emissions from the vessels were measured and ammonia emission reductions by the treatment regimens were evaluated as compared to the control. Reduction of ammonia emission as a result of topical application of the tested manure treatment agents, when compared to the control, over a 7-day manure storage period was as following: A) 68%, 81% or 96%, respectively, for zeolite applied at 2.5%, 5% or 10% of the manure weight; B) 63%, 89%, or 94%, respectively, for liquid Al+Clear applied at 1, 2, or 4 kg m-2 of manure surface area; C) 81%, 93%, or 94%, respectively, for dry granular Al+Clear applied at 0.5, 1.0, or 1.5 kg m-2; D) 82%, 86%, or 87%, respectively, for Ferix-3 applied at 0.5, 1.0, or 1.5 kg m-2; and E) 74%, 90%, or 92%, respectively, for PLT applied at 0.5, 1.0, or 1.5 kg m-2.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This is an ASAE Annual Meeting, Paper No. <a href="" target="_blank">064188</a>.</p>
dc.identifier archive/
dc.identifier.articleid 1196
dc.identifier.contextkey 3538922
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath abe_eng_conf/199
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/|||Fri Jan 14 22:00:46 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering
dc.subject.keywords Laying hen
dc.subject.keywords belt house
dc.subject.keywords manure storage
dc.subject.keywords ammonia emission
dc.subject.keywords additives
dc.title Reduction of Ammonia Emission from Stored Poultry Manure Using Additives: Zeolite, Al+clear, Ferix-3 and PLT
dc.type article
dc.type.genre conference
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 36e0a8ce-fa2e-4df4-9f67-8d1717122650
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 8eb24241-0d92-4baf-ae75-08f716d30801
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