Urban Impoverishment and Multiple Modes of Livelihood in Ghana

Date
2001-10-01
Authors
Owusu, Francis
Owusu, Francis
Major Professor
Advisor
Committee Member
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Altmetrics
Authors
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Journal Issue
Series
Department
Community and Regional Planning
Abstract

Many African countries experienced economic crisis in the 1970s and are currently restructuring their economies under the tutelage of the World Bank and the IMF. The restructuring process has had pervasive effects on the livelihood strategies of many people, as their established means of income generation have been disrupted. While survival of the urban poor has been studied, little is known of strategies of other social groups. Using Ghana as a case study, I argue that although urban poverty predates the implementation of structural adjustment program (SAP), the policies have created a favorable environment for the intensification of multiple livelihood strategies among of salaried employees. The paper finds that multiple livelihood strategies are practiced by a large number of salaried employees, but their involvement depends on many factors, including individual, family and household characteristics; access to capital and resources; opportunities offered by the urban economy; and the nature of formal employment.

Comments

This is the accepted version of the following article from The Canadian Geographer 45(3), Fall 2001: 387-403. doi: 10.1111/j.1541-0064.2001.tb01189.x, which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1541-0064.2001.tb01189.x/abstract.

Description
Keywords
Citation
DOI
Collections